**Christian/Muslim History http://youthofamerica.com/arab-immigration-usa-1900/
Court Of Appeals Free Speech http://youthofamerica.com/muslim-vs-christian-free-speech-heckler-vetoed/
Court Of Appeals Free Speech pdf: http://youthofamerica.com/Opinion-dearborn-muslim.pdf
OPINION VICTORY HTML: http://youthofamerica.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/Opinion-dearborn-muslim.htm
*1994 SOMALI MUSLIM & ISIS http://youthofamerica.com/us-muslim-immigration-isis/
Appeal from the United States District Court
for the Eastern District of Michigan at Detroit
No. 2:12-cv-14236—Patrick J. Duggan, District Judge
Argued: March 4, 2015 Decided and Filed: October 28, 2015
Dearborn and the Arab International Festival
Beginning in 1996 and continuing for 17 years thereafter, each June,
Dearborn celebrated its Arab heritage and culture by hosting the
Arab International Festival. The Festival, which was free to the
public, featured Middle Eastern food, music, artisan booths,
cultural acts, and other amusements, including carnival rides.
A principal purpose of the Festival was to promote cultural
exchange. Each year, the Festival took place on a stretch of Warren
Avenue, covering several blocks temporarily closed to vehicular
traffic. The street became a pedestrian thoroughfare lined with
vendors and information booths. The brick and mortar stores lining
the Warren sidewalks also remained open.
The Festival attracted people from around the world, and by 2012,
it was the largest festival of its kind in the United States,
annually drawing more than 300,000 people over the course of three
Given the size of attendance and the Festival’s focus on cultural
exchange, a diverse array of religious groups requested permission
to set up information booths on the Festival grounds.
The Festival also had a history of attracting certain Christian
evangelists who preferred to roam free among the crowd and
proselytize to the large number of Muslims who were typically in
attendance each year.
These evangelists would come from across the country to distribute
leaflets up and down the sidewalks of Warren Avenue in the heart of
This practice was disrupted in 2009 when the Dearborn police
enforced an anti-leafletting policy promoted by the American Arab
Chamber of Commerce—the Festival’s primary sponsor—and ratified by
A panel of this Court subsequently held that Dearborn’s
anti-leafletting policy unconstitutionally encroached on the free
speech rights protected by the First Amendment because it failed to
serve a substantial government interest and it was not narrowly
tailored, as is required with respect to any time, place, or manner
restriction on protected speech.
See Saieg v. City of Dearborn, 641 F.3d 727 (6th Cir. 2011).
The City of Dearborn thereafter ceded to the Wayne County Sheriff’s
Office (“WCSO”) primary responsibility over Festival security in
During the 2012 event, however, through its Sheriff, Deputy Chiefs
and Corporation Counsel, effectuated a constitutionally
impermissible heckler’s veto by allowing an angry mob of riotous
adolescents to dictate what religious beliefs and opinions could and
could not be expressed. by a group of Christians practicing their
Constitutional right to free expression.
Wayne County Defendants impermissibly cut off the Bible Believers’
protected speech, placed an undue burden on their exercise of
religion, and treated them disparately from other speakers at the
2012 Arab International Festival, solely on the basis of the views
that they espoused.
Wayne County, however, through its Deputy Chiefs and Corporation
Counsel,effectuated a constitutionally impermissible heckler’s veto
by allowing an angry mob of riotous adolescents to dictate what
religious beliefs and opinions could and could not be expressed.
This, the Constitution simply does not allow. Wayne County
Defendants violated the Bible Believers’ constitutional rights under
the First and Fourteenth Amendments.
Deputy Chief Defendants are civilly liable to the Bible Believers
for having violated law that is clearly established by the Supreme
Court precedent set forth in Gregory v. City of Chicago, 394 U.S.
Wayne County is civilly liable because one of its chief legal
policymakers counseled and authorized the Deputy Chiefs’ actions.and
grant of summary judgment by the district court in favor of
Defendants, and REMAND this case for entry of summary judgment in
favor of Plaintiffs, for the calculation of damages, and any other
appropriate relief, consistent with this opinion